DESCRIPTION OF THE PROJECT:
The Dimmons research team is part of a consortium of expert partners working for solutions to an emerging problem in our increasingly digitalized societies: That of data sovereignity. As more technology is developed and hence new ways of capturing human generated data are available, the power gained by extracting knowledge from these enourmous datasets seems to be concentrating more and more in the hands of few corporate players.
The aim of the EU eunded DECODE project is to break this data extractivist paradigm by proposing instead a new vision of a Data Commons. We will show how blockchain-based technologies can enable users to retain control of their data and that of the devices they use, while making collaborative economy models truly peer-to-peer.
The Data Commons model develops a new political, economic, and legal regime that would recognize social and communal rights to data, so that cities, communities, neighborhoods can claim some sets of data as their own and build their own services- local Ubers and Airbnbs – using that data.
European Union’s Horizon 2020 Programme, under grant agreement number 73254
KEY GOALS OF THE PROJECT:
- Develop a distributed, privacy-aware, and trusted architecture for decentralised data governance and identity management. The platform adopts Attribute Based Cryptography (ABC) to sensitive information, ideas from Certificate Transparency for identification, and Blockchain Technology for federated data access, distribution and resilience.
- Grow long-term alternatives to today’s highly centralised platforms and power structures facilitating a trustworthy and privacy protecting digital society
- Prevent the concentration of power in the hands of a few platform operators.
- Ensure that people are in full control of their data and identity with adaptive, smart, context-dependent access rules running on a cryptographic ledger that define conditions for the access and use of data (and legal/contractual obligations).
- Preserve the digital sovereignty of European (and worldwide) citizens.
- Validate the platform with use cases providing public value+.
- Test and scale in disruptive business models based on an ecosystem of open source decentralised applications, and data commons.
Between January 2017 and December 2019
In order to promote commons data platforms for digital sovereignty, first we need to investigate and articulate what characterise it, and to do so from a multidisciplinary perspective. And to reach that purpose, Dimmons tasks include to address the theories and debates around data-driven society and the sharing economy in order to provide an overall framework of commons oriented models, address the conceptualization and delimitation of commons based models in contrast to other non-commons oriented models, and the intersections between juridical/legal, economical, governance and public policy dimensions, as well as integrating and triangulating the analysis and results of the other tasks.
From Dimmons we are defining for DECODE the theoretical framework and the conceptualization of commons oriented sharing economy that will provide guidelines for the development of this European project, and its legal and economic models.
- Fuster Morell, M. and Espelt, R. (2018) Technological, and Knowledge policies and practices at open collaboration projects and its connexions with projects governance and economic models: A analysis of a sample of 100 cases of collaborative platforms in Barcelona. Proceedings of the 14th International Symposium on Open Collaboration, OpenSym 2018, Paris. Association for Computing Machinery (ACM) Digital library. http://www.opensym.org/wp-content/uploads/2018/07/OpenSym2018_paper_37.pdf
- Fuster Morell, M. & Espelt, R. (2018). A Framework for Assessing Democratic Qualities in Collaborative Economy Platforms: Analysis of 10 Cases in Barcelona. Special issue Sharing Cities Shaping Cities Research. 4 June 2018. Milan, Italy. Urban Science (ISSN 2413-8851). http://www.mdpi.com/2413-8851/2/3/61
- Fuster-Morell, M., Carballa, B., Smorto, G., Espelt, R., Imperatore, P., Rebordosa, M., Rocas, M., Rodríguez, N., Senabre, E. & Ciurcina, M. (2017). Multidisciplinary framework on commons collaborative economy. (Deliverable D2.1 DECODE Project – Decentralised Citizens Owned Data Ecosystem H2020–ICT-2016-1). Retrieved from https://desk.dyne.org/s/l9lMbexVEDzHEks
- Fuster Morell, M. i Espelt, R. (2018). Platform Cooperativism. A dialogue between Emilia Romagna and Catalunya. IDP 2018, COLLABORATIVE ECONOMY Challenges & Opportunities. Barcelona, 21 June 2018.
- Fuster Morell, M. i Espelt, R. (2018). A Framework for Assessing Democratic Qualities in Collaborative Economy Platforms: Analysis of 10 Cases in Barcelona. Sharing Cities Shaping Cities symposium, 5 & 6 de March 2017. Milan: Politecnico.
- Fuster Morell, M. i Espelt, R. (2018). Quina relació hi ha entre el model econòmic d’una plataforma d’Economia col·laborativa i la seva governança?. 3r Congrés d’Economia i Empresa de Catalunya: Cap a un model eficient i equitatiu. Barcelona, 17 May 2018. Retrieved from https://www.scipedia.com/public/Espelt_2018a
- Fuster Morell, M. i Espelt, R. (2017). Platform Cooperativism Holistic Characterization and Delimitation: 10 Cases of Barcelona Ecosystem. SASE 2017 Mini-conference: Re-embedding the Social: Cooperatives, Political Consumerism and Alternative Lifestyles. Lyon, 29 June – 1 July 2017.
- El cooperativisme de plataforma com a oportunitat d’economia col·laborativa. 30 May 2018. Barcelona: BizBarcelona.
- Opening up to an ERA of Social Innovation. High-Level Conference, 27-28 November 2017. Lisbon, Portugal
- Internacional Platformcoop / Commons Network meeting. 16-17 November 2017. Barcelona, Spain
- Fira Economia Solidaria de Catalunya, 19-20 October 2017. Barcelona: FESC.
- Què fa que una plataforma sigui procomú?. Procomuns 2017. 28 June 2017. Barcelona: Barcelona Activa.
- L’estat de l’economia col·laborativa procomú a Barcelona. Anàlisi de casos. 1 June 2017. Barcelona: BizBarcelona.
- Sharing Cities Summit. 17-19 May 2017. NY, USA.
- Economia col·laborativa del pro-comú. Economia Social i Solidària EMISE+. 19 February 2018. Barcelona: Coopolis.
- Collaborative economy and procommon. 29 November 2017. Barcelona: Institut Barcelona d’Estudis Internacionals.
- LaCo+R: Acció-recerca en el marc de l’economia col·laborativa procomú. 26 October 2017. Barcelona: La Comunificadora.
IN THE MEDIA:
Amsterdam and Barcelona are handing citizens control of their data – Apolitical (May 2018): Amsterdam and Barcelona are trialling an alternative model. Dubbed DECODE(DEcentralised Citizen-owned Data Ecosystems), it will allow people to decide which applications, platforms and tools can access their information, and allow governments and the private sector to use it for the common good
Smart Cities must place citizen needs first, earn trust (May 2018): Rather than focus on technology and its challenges, it is important to first build on citizen needs, which can in turn lead to technological solutions, argues Francesca Bria at the AI for Global Good Summit in Vienna, 2018
Barcelona is leading the fightback against smart city surveillance (May 2018): Wired magazine profiles how DECODE is part of how Barcelona City Council has taken on surveillance capitalism